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J Am Chem Soc. 2012 Jul 25;134(29):11998-2001. doi: 10.1021/ja305969c. Epub 2012 Jul 16.

Reversibly switching the surface porosity of a DNA tetrahedron.

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Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.


The ability to reversibly switch the surface porosity of nanocages would allow controllable matter transport in and out of the nanocages. This would be a desirable property for many technological applications, such as drug delivery. To achieve such capability, however, is challenging. Herein we report a strategy for reversibly changing the surface porosity of a self-assembled DNA nanocage (a DNA tetrahedron) that is based on DNA hydridization and strand displacement. The involved DNA nanostructures were thoroughly characterized by multiple techniques, including polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, dynamic light scattering, atomic force microscopy, and cryogenic electron microscopy. This work may lead to the design and construction of stimuli-responsive nanocages that might find applications as smart materials.

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