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Bone. 2012 Oct;51(4):720-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2012.06.028. Epub 2012 Jul 14.

Genetic association study of UCMA/GRP and OPTN genes (PDB6 locus) with Paget's disease of bone.

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Department of Medicine, Laval University, CHUQ (CHUL) Research centre and Division of Rheumatology, CHUQ (CHUL), Quebec City, QC, Canada.


We performed a genetic association study of rare variants and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of UCMA/GRP and OPTN genes, in French-Canadian patients with Paget's disease of bone (PDB) and in healthy controls from the same population. We reproduced the variant found in the UCMA/GRP basal promoter and tested its functionality using in vitro transient transfection assays. Interestingly, this SNP rs17152980 appears to affect the transcription level of UCMA/GRP. In addition, we have identified five rare genetic variants in UCMA/GRP gene, four of them being population-specific, although none were found to be associated with PDB. Six Tag SNPs of UCMA/GRP gene were associated with PDB, particularly the SNP rs17152980 (uncorrected P=3.8 × 10(-3)), although not significant after Bonferroni's correction. More importantly, we replicated the strong and statistically significant genetic association of two SNPs of the OPTN gene, the rs1561570 (uncorrected P=5.7 × 10(-7)) and the rs2095388 (uncorrected P=4.9 × 10(-3)), with PDB. In addition, we identified a very rare variant found to be located close to the basal promoter of the OPTN gene, at -232bp from its distal transcription start site. Furthermore, depending on the type of allele present (G or A), the binding of several important nuclear factors such as the vitamin D or the retinoic acid receptors is predicted to be altered at this position, suggesting a significant effect in the regulation of transcription of the OPTN gene. In conclusion, we identified a functional SNP located in the basal promoter of the UCMA/GRP gene which provided a weak genetic association with PDB. In addition, we replicated the strong genetic association of two already known SNPs of the OPTN gene, with PDB in a founder effect population. We also identified a very rare variant in the promoter of OPTN, and through bioinformatic analysis, identified putative transcription factor binding sites likely to affect OPTN gene transcription.

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