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Nurse Educ Today. 2013 Oct;33(10):1219-23. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.010. Epub 2012 Jul 15.

The longitudinal effect of concept map teaching on critical thinking of nursing students.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address: weilee@sunrise.hk.edu.tw.

Abstract

Concept map is a useful cognitive tool for enhancing a student's critical thinking by encouraging students to process information deeply for understanding. However, there is limited understanding of longitudinal effects of concept map teaching on students' critical thinking. The purpose of the study was to investigate the growth and the other factors influencing the development of critical thinking in response to concept map as an interventional strategy for nursing students in a two-year registered nurse baccalaureate program. The study was a quasi-experimental and longitudinal follow-up design. A convenience sample was drawn from a university in central Taiwan. Data were collected at different time points at the beginning of each semester using structured questionnaires including Critical Thinking Scale and Approaches to Learning and Studying. The intervention of concept map teaching was given at the second semester in the Medical-Surgical Nursing course. The results of the findings revealed student started with a mean critical thinking score of 41.32 and decreased at a rate of 0.42 over time, although not significant. After controlling for individual characteristics, the final model revealed that the experimental group gained a higher critical thinking score across time than the control group. The best predictive variables of initial status in critical thinking were without clinical experience and a higher pre-test score. The growth in critical thinking was predicted best by a lower pre-test score, and lower scores on surface approach and organized study. Our study suggested that concept map is a useful teaching strategy to enhance student critical thinking.

KEYWORDS:

Concept map; Critical thinking; Intervention; Nursing education; Study strategy

PMID:
22795871
DOI:
10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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