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J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2013 Jan-Feb;24(1):27-37. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2012.03.004. Epub 2012 Jul 13.

Predictors of self-efficacy for HIV prevention among Hispanic women in South Florida.

Author information

1
School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, USA.

Abstract

Self-efficacy is a critical element for HIV prevention, however little is known about the predictors of self-efficacy for HIV prevention among Hispanic women. In this cross-sectional study we assessed if age, living with a partner, employment status, HIV knowledge, self-esteem, and intimate partner violence (IPV) predicted self-efficacy for HIV prevention in 548 Hispanic women in South Florida who participated in a randomized controlled trial (SEPA). The majority of Hispanic women reported high levels of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Women who were older, living with a partner, had less HIV knowledge, and had a history of IPV reported significantly lower levels of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. HIV knowledge was the most important predictor of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Employment was not a significant predictor of self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Predictors identified in the study can be used to identify high-risk Hispanic women who are in need of HIV prevention interventions.

PMID:
22795758
PMCID:
PMC3474856
DOI:
10.1016/j.jana.2012.03.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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