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Gynecol Endocrinol. 2012 Dec;28(12):983-90. doi: 10.3109/09513590.2012.702875. Epub 2012 Jul 16.

A systematic review of dydrogesterone for the treatment of threatened miscarriage.

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Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.


The objective of this systematic review was to assess whether the orally acting progestagen, dydrogesterone lowers the incidence of miscarriage in women with threatened miscarriage. A computerized search was performed in Medline, Embase, and Ovid Medline for original reports with the product name 'Duphaston' or 'dydrogesterone', and limited to clinical human data. Twenty-one reports of dydrogesterone treatment were identified with 1380 patients. Five randomized trials were identified, including 660 women who fulfilled the criteria for meta-analysis. The number of subsequent miscarriages or continuing pregnancies per randomized woman was compared in women receiving dydrogesterone compared to standard bed rest or placebo intervention. There was a 13% (44/335) miscarriage rate after dydrogesterone administration compared to 24% in control women [odds ratio for miscarriage 0.47, (CI = 0.31-0.7), 11% absolute reduction in the miscarriage rate]. The adverse and side effects were summarized in all 21 reports, and seemed to be minimal. Although all the predictive and confounding factors could not be controlled for, the results of this systematic review show a significant reduction of 47% in the odds for miscarriage when dydrogesterone is compared to standard care indicating a real treatment effect.

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