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Blood. 2012 Sep 20;120(12):2428-37. Epub 2012 Jul 12.

Regulation of APC development, immune response, and autoimmunity by Bach1/HO-1 pathway in mice.

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Department of Biology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 90227, USA.


APCs are essential for innate and adaptive immunity as well as self-immune tolerance. Here, we show that the Cap'n'collar member Bach1 regulates the generation of APCs, specifically macrophages and dendritic cells, in mice. The impaired APC development in Bach1(-/-) mice was accompanied by defects in downstream T-cell responses and partial protection from experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Genomewide analyses identified a panel of Bach1 target genes and ablation of the direct Bach1 target gene HO-1 exacerbated the impaired APC development observed in Bach1(-/-) mice. This was attributed to the impaired ability of HO-1(-/-)Bach1(-/-) double mutants to produce upstream APC progenitor cells, including common myeloid progenitor (CMP)-Flk2(+). By contrast, we observed an increase in hematopoietic stem-progenitor cells (HSPCs) in these mice, suggesting a developmental block in the progression of HSPCs to CMP-Flk2(+) and subsequently APCs.

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