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Nanoscale Res Lett. 2012 Jul 12;7(1):387.

Multi-channel Si-liquid crystal filter with fine tuning capability of individual channels for compensation of fabrication tolerances.

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Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.


In this study, a technique for the optimization of the optical characteristics of multi-channel filters after fabrication is proposed. The multi-channel filter under consideration is based on a Si photonic crystal (PhC), tunable liquid crystal and opto-fluidic technologies. By filling air grooves in the one-dimensional, Si-Air PhC with a nematic liquid crystal, an efficiently coupled multi-channel filter can be realised in which a wide stop band is used for channel separation over a wide frequency range. By selectively tuning the refractive index in various coupled cavities, continuous individual tuning of the central channel (or edge channels) up to 25% of the total channel spacing is demonstrated. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the electro-optical solution for the compensation of fabrication tolerances in an integrated platform.

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