Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Psychiatry. 1990 Feb;147(2):190-5.

Relationship between hopelessness and ultimate suicide: a replication with psychiatric outpatients.

Author information

Center for Cognitive Therapy, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104.


A prospective study of 1,958 outpatients found that hopelessness, as measured by the Beck Hopelessness Scale, was significantly related to eventual suicide. A scale cutoff score of 9 or above identified 16 (94.2%) of the 17 patients who eventually committed suicide, thus replicating a previous study with hospitalized patients. The high-risk group identified by this cutoff score was 11 times more likely to commit suicide than the rest of the outpatients. The Beck Hopelessness Scale thus may be used as a sensitive indicator of suicide potential.

Comment in

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center