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Am J Psychiatry. 1990 Feb;147(2):190-5.

Relationship between hopelessness and ultimate suicide: a replication with psychiatric outpatients.

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1
Center for Cognitive Therapy, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104.

Abstract

A prospective study of 1,958 outpatients found that hopelessness, as measured by the Beck Hopelessness Scale, was significantly related to eventual suicide. A scale cutoff score of 9 or above identified 16 (94.2%) of the 17 patients who eventually committed suicide, thus replicating a previous study with hospitalized patients. The high-risk group identified by this cutoff score was 11 times more likely to commit suicide than the rest of the outpatients. The Beck Hopelessness Scale thus may be used as a sensitive indicator of suicide potential.

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PMID:
2278535
DOI:
10.1176/ajp.147.2.190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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