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Nano Lett. 2012 Aug 8;12(8):4392-6. doi: 10.1021/nl302234f. Epub 2012 Jul 13.

Periodic bicontinuous composites for high specific energy absorption.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massuchusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.


We report on the mechanical behavior of an interpenetrating carbon/epoxy periodic submicrometer-scale bicontinuous composite material fabricated following the design principles deduced from biological composites. Using microscopic uniaxial compressive tests, the specific energy absorption is quantitatively evaluated and compared with the epoxy/air and carbon/air precursors. The carbon/epoxy material demonstrates extremely high specific energy absorption up to 720 kJ/kg and shear-dominant interphase interactions from the interlocked hard (carbon) and soft (epoxy) phases. Such bicontinuous nanocomposites are a new type of structural metamaterial with designed cell topology and mechanical anisotropy. Their inherent small length scale can play a critical role in prohibiting segregated mechanical responses leading to flaw tolerance.


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