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Afr J Med Med Sci. 2011 Dec;40(4):393-7.

Maternal mortality in Niger: a retrospective study in a high risk maternity.

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Université Abdou Moumouni, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Niamey, Niger.



This study analyzes maternal deaths in a tertiary maternity in Niamey, Niger.


This is a retrospective study covering the period of one year, from January 1 to December 31 2007. The setting for this study was the Maternity Issaka Gazobi, a tertiary maternity referral centre in the city of Niamey, Niger. Data encompasses all hospital maternal deaths attributable to obstetric causes. The data were abstracted from emergency room, delivery rooms and hospitalization units' patient files.


During the study period a total of 4,582 live births were registered with a total count of 121 maternal deaths, yielding a maternal mortality ratio of 2,640/100,000 live births. The mean age of deceased mothers was 26 years with a range of 15 to 43 years, and 46% of them were 15-24 years old. The most common risk factors for maternal death were primiparity (33%), haemorrhage (30%) and anaemia (22%). Most of the maternal deaths occurred post-partum (70%), 24 died peripartum, 6 died from miscarriage or abortion in association with excessive bleeding or septic complications, and one died from etopic pregnancy. Among most deaths, the burden of morbidity was important, with 57.9% of patients admitted in a state of shock from eclampsia or acute cerebral malaria.


The high rate of mortality in this hospital testifies to the high morbidity of the patients, with anemia as an important risk factor. Maternal mortality in Niger remains high due to socio-economic factors, lack of access to quality care, and insufficient number of qualified health personnel.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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