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J Biochem. 2012 Oct;152(4):341-6. Epub 2012 Jul 10.

Pseudomonas putida PydR, a RutR-like transcriptional regulator, represses the dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase gene in the pyrimidine reductive catabolic pathway.

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Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.


The pyrimidine reductive catabolic pathway is important for the utilization of uracil and thymine as sources of nitrogen and carbon. The pathway is controlled by three enzymes: dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), dihydropyrimidinase and β-alanine synthase. The putative DPD genes, pydX and pydA, are tandemly arranged in the Pseudomonas putida genome. Intriguingly, a putative transcriptional regulator, PydR, homologous to Escherichia coli RutR, a repressor of the Rut-dependent pyrimidine degradation pathway, is located downstream of pydX and pydA. In this study, we show that a pydA strain of P. putida fails to grow on a minimal media containing uracil or thymine as a sole nitrogen source, demonstrating the physiological importance of DPD in the reductive pathway. The expression of pydA and DPD activity in the absence of uracil were significantly higher in a pydR strain than in the wild-type strain, indicating that PydR acts as a repressor of the pyrimidine reductive pathway in P. putida. Phylogenetic analysis of RutR and PydR suggests that these homologous repressors may have evolved from a common ancestral protein that regulates pyrimidine degradation.

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