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Sports participation in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.

Author information

1
Section of Cardiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 789 Howard Avenue, Dana 3, 06510, New Haven, CT, USA. rachel.lampert@yale.edu

Abstract

The safety of sports participation for patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) is not yet defined, and current recommendations in both Europe and the US restrict these patients from competative sports more vigorous than golf or bowling. Postulated risks include increased frequency of arrhythmias, inability of the ICD to terminate ventricular arrhythmias during the metabolic changes accompanying extreme exercise, injury to the patient, or damage to the ICD system. However, survey data suggest that many ICD patients do participate in sports, and risks may be fewer than postulated. Ongoing research will better delineate the risks of sports for patients with ICDs.

PMID:
22782728
DOI:
10.1007/s00399-012-0181-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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