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World J Urol. 2013 Oct;31(5):1253-9. doi: 10.1007/s00345-012-0901-6. Epub 2012 Jul 11.

Holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP): intermediate-term results of 144 patients.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Duesseldorf University Hospital, Moorenstrasse 5, 40225, Düsseldorf, Germany, dimitri.barski@med.uni-duesseldorf.de.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To retrospectively analyse the intermediate-term outcome of holmium laser ablation of the prostate (HoLAP) of up to 4 years postoperatively in one of the largest series and to define the selection criteria for patients who benefit from potentially lower complications associated with HoLAP.

METHODS:

Between June 2006 and November 2010, 144 patients with benign prostatic obstruction were treated at two centres with standardised HoLAP (2.0 J/50 Hz or 3.2 J/25 Hz with Versapulse(®) 80-100 W laser Lumenis(®)). Median follow-up was 21 months (range, 1-54). International prostate symptom score and quality of life (IPSS-QoL), PSA, prostate volume, maximal flow rate (Qmax), postvoiding residual volume (Vres) were evaluated pre- and postoperatively. All complications were graded according to CTCAE (v4.03).

RESULTS:

Mean patient age was 70.1 ± 7.7 years (range, 46-90). With a preoperative median prostate volume of 40 ml (range, 10-130), the median operation time was 50 min (range, 9-138). We observed a median catheterisation time of 1 day (range, 0-12) and hospitalisation time of 2 days (range, 1-16). IPSS-QoL, Qmax and Vres were significantly improved after 3 months, and all parameters remained unchanged after 12, 24 and 36 months. The rate of re-operation was significantly lower in patients with prostate volume <40 ml, compared to patients with prostates ≥ 40 ml (9.1 vs. 25 %, p = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS:

HoLAP is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of prostates <40 ml. Patients benefit from HoLAP because of a low bleeding rate and short hospital stay. Due to high recurrence rates, HoLAP should be avoided in prostates >40 ml.

PMID:
22782618
DOI:
10.1007/s00345-012-0901-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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