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J Obstet Gynaecol. 2012 Aug;32(6):590-3. doi: 10.3109/01443615.2012.693980.

Primary and secondary malignant involvement of gynaecological organs at radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: review of literature and retrospective analysis of 360 cases.

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Department of Urosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.


The pathological analysis of cystectomy specimens from 360 female patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer was retrospectively reported. The uterus was not available in 29 specimens, while one ovary was absent in 18 specimens and the two ovaries were absent in 20 specimens. Uterine involvement was observed in one case of transitional cell carcinoma, and benign uterine pathology was detected in 37 cases. All patients had normal ovaries, while the vagina was involved in 13 cases. A total of 12% of the patients had urethral involvement. None of the 29 patients, in whom the internal genitalia were totally or partially preserved, had late ovarian, vaginal or uterine recurrence at the last follow-up. Thus, the preservation of female internal genitalia in young patients undergoing radical cystectomy should be considered under strict criteria (low-grade, low-stage tumours away from the bladder neck). This will improve the quality-of-life (QoL) and the functional outcome without compromising cancer control.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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