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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Dec;25(12):2529-35. doi: 10.3109/14767058.2012.710280. Epub 2012 Aug 7.

Maternal morbidity during childbirth hospitalization in California.

Author information

1
Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. audrey.lyndon@nursing.ucsf.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the incidence and risk factors for maternal morbidity during childbirth hospitalization.

METHODS:

Maternal morbidities were determined using ICD9-CM and vital records codes from linked hospital discharge and vital records data for 1,572,909 singleton births in California during 2005-2007. Socio-demographic, obstetric and hospital volume risk factors were estimated using mixed effects logistic regression models.

RESULTS:

The maternal morbidity rate was 241/1000 births. The most common morbidities were episiotomy, pelvic trauma, maternal infection, postpartum hemorrhage and severe laceration. Preeclampsia (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 2.96; 95% confidence interval 2.8,3.13), maternal age over 35 years, (AOR: 1.92; 1.79,2.06), vaginal birth after cesarean, (AOR: 1.81; 1.47,2.23) and repeat cesarean birth (AOR: 1.99; 1.87,2.12) conferred the highest odds of severe morbidity. Non-white women were more likely to suffer morbidity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nearly one in four California women experienced complications during childbirth hospitalization. Significant health disparities in maternal childbirth outcomes persist in the USA.

PMID:
22779781
PMCID:
PMC3642201
DOI:
10.3109/14767058.2012.710280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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