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Am J Dent. 2012 Apr;25(2):118-22.

Assessment of chewing sugar-free gums for oral debris reduction: a randomized controlled crossover clinical trial.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Sichuan University, Renmin South Road, Chengdu 610041, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the oral debris removal efficacy of two commercial sugar-free chewing gums, based on a newly developed oral debris scoring system.

METHODS:

A randomized, examiner-blinded, three-arm crossover study was conducted, with a 1-week washout period between the crossover phases. 42 healthy adults were randomly assigned to sugar-free stick gum (Wrigley's Extra Freshmint), sugar-free pellet gum (Wrigley's Extra Fruit) or no-gum chewing groups. Subjects consumed a single chocolate cookie, and were examined at baseline, and at 2-, 5-, and 10-minute time points with or without gum-chewing treatment. Primary outcome measures were oral debris scores on the occlusal surface, interproximal and gingival margin areas. The entire test procedure was repeated on two subsequent visits.

RESULTS:

The baseline conditions in the three groups did not differ significantly. Chewing either stick gum or pellet gum resulted in significantly lower oral debris scores (P < 0.0001) compared to the control (no-gum) treatment for all intraoral sites, while no significant difference was observed between the two chewing gum groups. Intra-examiner repeatability of the new scoring criteria was high throughout the study (Kappa > 0.90).

PMID:
22779287
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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