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Yeast. 2012 Aug;29(8):303-9. doi: 10.1002/yea.2910. Epub 2012 Jul 9.

Analysis of protein function in clinical C. albicans isolates.

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Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.


Clinical isolates are prototrophic and hence are not amenable to genetic manipulation using nutritional markers. Here we describe a new set of plasmids carrying the NAT1 (nourseothricin) drug resistance marker (Shen et al., ), which can be used both in clinical isolates and in laboratory strains. We constructed novel plasmids containing HA-NAT1 or MYC-NAT1 cassettes to facilitate PCR-mediated construction of strains with C-terminal epitope-tagged proteins and a NAT1-pMet3-GFP plasmid to enable conditional expression of proteins with or without the green fluorescent protein fused at the N-terminus. Furthermore, for proteins that require both the endogenous N- and C-termini for function, we have constructed a GF-NAT1-FP cassette carrying truncated alleles that facilitate insertion of an intact, single copy of GFP internal to the coding sequence. In addition, GFP-NAT1, RFP-NAT1 and M-Cherry-NAT1 plasmids were constructed, expressing two differently labelled gene products for the study of protein co-expression and co-localization in vivo. Together, these vectors provide a useful set of genetic tools for studying diverse aspects of gene function in both clinical and laboratory strains of C. albicans.

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