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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2012 Jul;8(7):929-37. doi: 10.4161/hv.20071. Epub 2012 Jul 1.

Single-dose, live-attenuated Japanese encephalitis vaccine in children aged 12-18 months: randomized, controlled phase 3 immunogenicity and safety trial.

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Sanofi Pasteur Clinical Development Department, Marcy l'Etoile, France.


This trial in 1200 JE-vaccination naïve children (age 12-18 mo) in Thailand and the Philippines aimed to demonstrate consistency of three successive industrial scale manufacturing lots of live attenuated Japanese encephalitis chimeric virus vaccine (JE-CV) and consistency between industrial scale manufacturing lots and a fourth, development lot. Children received JE-CV from one of three successive industrial scale lots produced in Thailand (n = 899), or from a fourth development lot produced in the USA (n = 199), or hepatitis A control vaccine (n = 102). Antibodies were assessed by 50% plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT(50)) at screening and Day 28. Seroconversion rates (titer of < 10 at baseline and ≥ 10 on Day 28, or a four-fold rise from a baseline titer of ≥ 10) were determined per group. Lot-to-lot consistency of seroconversion rate and GMT was demonstrated between the 3 industrial scale lots, and between these lots and the US lot. Seroconversion rate on pooled data 28 d after JE-CV vaccination (Thai lots) was 95.0% [95% confidence interval (CI); 93.3-96.3]. The safety profile of JE-CV was favorable and comparable with hepatitis A vaccine. There were no serious adverse events related to vaccination. This study demonstrated the consistency of three successive industrial scale JE-CV vaccine lots, as well as consistency with a development lot. The study also demonstrated that a single dose of JE-CV is well tolerated and elicits a high protective immune response, seroconverting 95% of JE-naïve Asian children aged 12-18 mo.


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