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J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2013 Aug;20(6):541-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2012.01949.x. Epub 2012 Jul 8.

Patient safety in psychiatric inpatient care: a literature review.

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1
Central Finland Health Care District, Kangasvuori Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland. anne.kanerva@ksshp.fi

Abstract

Patient safety is widely discussed, but little has been written from the perspective of psychiatric inpatient care, nor on which factors create its patient safety. This paper seeks to understand the concept of patient safety and its intension in psychiatric inpatient care, and to identify factors in organization management, staff and patients' roles which constitute patient safety in such units. A literature search was conducted, and the articles selected were analysed by identifying factors defined to be connected to patient safety and classifying them according to their connection to organization management, staff and patient roles. According to the literature, organization safety culture is present in all aspects of patient safety. Organization management has the main role in patient safety within the organization culture, for example, through leadership, safety practices and creating good working conditions and environment for the staff. Staff's role is influenced by management, but has more individual input in different areas, while the patient's role is more that of an informant so that care can be planned according to the patient's preferences. When developing patient safety it is important to remember the diversity of the concept so that all areas are considered in the developmental work.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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