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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2012 Nov;66(2):230-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-695X.2012.01003.x. Epub 2012 Jul 23.

Immunomodulating and anti-infective effects of a novel strain of Lactobacillus paracasei that strongly induces interleukin-12.

Author information

1
Food Science and Technology Institute, Morinaga Milk Industry Co., Ltd., Zama, Kanagawa, Japan. n-iwabuchi@morinagamilk.co.jp

Abstract

Several studies have demonstrated that some strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can elicit natural killer (NK) cell activities via interleukin-12 (IL-12) induction and protect against influenza virus (IFV) infection. LAB strains that strongly induce IL-12 are expected to be effective in protecting against IFV infection. In this study, we screened 85 strains for their ability to induce the in vitro production of IL-12, and Lactobacillus paracasei MoLac-1 most strongly induced IL-12. To examine the immunomodulating effects of MoLac-1, we have performed in vitro studies using murine splenocytes. Heat-killed MoLac-1 cells induced IL-12 and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by murine splenocytes. Experiments using splenocytes depleted of various cell populations indicated that macrophages might be a major source of MoLac-1-induced IL-12 secretion. Intracellular staining of IFN-γ suggested that MoLac-1 activated NK cells and induced IFN-γ production by NK cells in vitro. Oral administration of heat-killed MoLac-1 increased the proportion of NK cells in spleen, and ameliorated the symptoms of IFV infection in mice. These results suggest that heat-killed MoLac-1 has the potential to modulate innate immunity and is useful for alleviation of the symptoms of IFV infection.

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