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Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2012 Jun;33(6):406-13; quiz 414, 416.

The oral-medical disease connection: pregnancy, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Sciences, Clinical Center for Oral Medicine, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia, USA.


There is considerable perplexity regarding the oral-systemic connection. Existing research, including epidemiologic findings, interventional studies, and a smaller number of reports seeking to elucidate mechanisms of action, have been somewhat contradictory. Of importance to the practicing clinician is how to gain understanding of this abundance of emerging scientific evidence, synthesize it, and integrate it into clinical practice. In essence, clinicians need to be able to authoritatively respond to their patients' inquiries regarding relationships between oral and systemic disease. This article seeks to provide insights to this issue with regards to pregnancy, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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