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J Lipid Res. 2012 Sep;53(9):1958-67. doi: 10.1194/jlr.P024315. Epub 2012 Jul 6.

Effects of Therapeutic Lifestyle Change diets high and low in dietary fish-derived FAs on lipoprotein metabolism in middle-aged and elderly subjects.

Author information

1
Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

The effects of Therapeutic Lifestyle Change (TLC) diets, low and high in dietary fish, on apolipoprotein metabolism were examined. Subjects were provided with a Western diet for 6 weeks, followed by 24 weeks of either of two TLC diets (10/group). Apolipoprotein kinetics were determined in the fed state using stable isotope methods and compartmental modeling at the end of each phase. Only the high-fish diet decreased median triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) apoB-100 concentration (-23%), production rate (PR, -9%), and direct catabolism (-53%), and increased TRL-to-LDL apoB-100 conversion (+39%) as compared with the baseline diet (all P < 0.05). This diet also decreased TRL apoB-48 concentration (-24%), fractional catabolic rate (FCR, -20%), and PR (-50%) as compared with the baseline diet (all P < 0.05). The high-fish and low-fish diets decreased LDL apoB-100 concentration (-9%, -23%), increased LDL apoB-100 FCR (+44%, +48%), and decreased HDL apoA-I concentration (-15%, -14%) and PR (-11%, -12%) as compared with the baseline diet (all P < 0.05). On the high-fish diet, changes in TRL apoB-100 PR were negatively correlated with changes in plasma eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids. In conclusion, the high-fish diet decreased TRL apoB-100 and TRL apoB-48 concentrations chiefly by decreasing their PR. Both diets decreased LDL apoB-100 concentration by increasing LDL apoB-100 FCR and decreased HDL apoA-I concentration by decreasing HDL apoA-I PR.

PMID:
22773687
PMCID:
PMC3413235
DOI:
10.1194/jlr.P024315
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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