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Opt Express. 2012 Jul 2;20(14):15516-21. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.015516.

Metallic nanowires can lead to wavelength-scale microlenses and microlens arrays.

Author information

1
Univ. Grenoble 1 / CNRS, LIPhy UMR 5588, Grenoble, F-38041, France.

Abstract

We theoretically and experimentally demonstrate that the diffraction of microstructures based on silver nanowires leads to very efficient microfocusing effects. Pairs of parallel nanowires act as ultrasmall cylindrical microlenses with diffraction-limited resolution in the Fresnel region. This is a new diffraction scheme to make micron-sized optical lenses with higher transmittance than plasmonic microlens based on nano-aperture arrays. Calculations based on the scalar Rayleigh-Sommerfeld integral highlights the pure scalar diffractive contribution. Thus, the plasmon contribution is negligible in such micron-sized metallic geometry. We demonstrate that two-dimensional grids of nanowires can be used to fabricate dense arrays of microlenses, i.e. 10000x10000 DPI (dots per inch).

PMID:
22772246
DOI:
10.1364/OE.20.015516

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