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Opt Express. 2012 Jul 2;20(14):15418-26. doi: 10.1364/OE.20.015418.

Pumping-power-dependent photoluminescence angular distribution from an opal photonic crystal composed of monodisperse Eu3+/SiO2 core/shell nanospheres.

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Department of Physics, National Chung Cheng University, Ming Hsiung, Chia Yi 621, Taiwan.


High quality opal photonic crystals (PhCs) were successfully fabricated by self-assembling of monodisperse Eu(3+)/SiO(2) core/shell nanospheres. Angular resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectra of a PhC sample were measured with different pumping powers, and its PL emission strongly depended on spectroscopic position of the photonic stop band and the optical pumping power. Suppression of the PL occurred in the directions where the emission lines aligned with the center of the photonic stop band. Suppression and enhancement of the PL were observed at low- and high-pumping powers, respectively, in the directions where the emission lines were located at the edges of the photonic stop band. When pumping power exceeded 6 ┬ÁJ/pulse, a super-linear dependence was found between the pumping power and PL intensity. The dramatic enhancement of PL was attributed to the amplification of spontaneous emission resulted from the creation of large population inversion and the slow group velocity of the emitted light inside the PhC. The opal PhC provided highly angular-selective quasi-monochromatic PL output, which can be useful for a variety of optical applications.


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