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Europace. 2013 Feb;15(2):205-11. doi: 10.1093/europace/eus219. Epub 2012 Jul 6.

Sinus node dysfunction in atrial fibrillation patients: the evidence of regional atrial substrate remodelling.

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1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

AIMS:

It remains unclear as to whether regional atrial substrates of certain areas of the atrium in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) can be related to sinoatrial node dysfunction. We investigated the relationship between the biatrial substrate characteristics and sinus node function in these patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The study enrolled 34 patients (aged 57 ± 11 years old; 20 males) who underwent catheter ablation for symptomatic paroxysmal AF. Sinus node dysfunction was defined as having corrected sinus node recovery time longer than 550 ms. Atrial substrate analyses of both atria and atrial conductive properties were investigated in patients with (Group 1) and without sinus node dysfunction (Group 2). The mean global bipolar voltage of both atria and the atrial refractory period were similar between the two groups. Regional analysis showed that the mean bipolar voltage for patients in Group 1 was lower than in Group 2 (1.0 ± 0.3 vs. 2.1 ± 0.7 mV, P < 0.001) only in the sinus node region, while the electrophysiological properties were similar for both groups in other anatomic regions of both atria. The right atrial total activation time was significantly longer (97 ± 9 vs. 89 ± 10 ms, P = 0.023) and the conduction velocity along the crista terminalis was significantly slower (1.0 ± 0.2 vs. 1.2 ± 0.3 m/s, P = 0.019) in Group 1 patients than in Group 2 patients.

CONCLUSION:

In patients with AF, regional atrial remodelling near the sinus node area was associated with sinus node dysfunction.

PMID:
22772055
DOI:
10.1093/europace/eus219
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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