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Meat Sci. 2012 Dec;92(4):360-5. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.06.021. Epub 2012 Jun 23.

PRKAG3 and CAST genetic polymorphisms and quality traits of dry-cured hams--III. Associations in Slovenian dry-cured ham Kraški pršut and their dependence on processing.

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1
Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Hacquetova ulica 17, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Abstract

The aim of the present study, the third in a series of three papers, is to show the effects of PRKAG3 and CAST gene polymorphisms on the quality traits of the Slovenian dry-cured ham "Kraški pršut" and their interaction with ham producers. Significant interaction of polymorphisms with producer in the case of salt content, lipid oxidation (PRKAG3 Ile199Val), proteolysis index (CAST Arg249Lys) and pastiness (CAST Ser638Arg) indicated that genotype manifestation was reliant on the manufacturing practice. PRKAG3 Ile199Val polymorphism affected several physico-chemical, rheological and sensory traits. The Ile/Ile genotype yielded less salty and softer hams, indicating beneficial effects on dry-cured ham quality. The effect of CAST polymorphisms was less pronounced, although the observed associations with pastiness, proteolysis index and several free amino acid concentrations indicate its possible influence on proteolysis, with haplotype CAST 249Arg/638Ser being associated with a higher degree of proteolysis.

PMID:
22770931
DOI:
10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.06.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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