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Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013 Aug;23(8):771-5. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2012.04.009. Epub 2012 Jul 7.

Left ventricular remodeling in patients with metabolic syndrome: influence of gender.

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1
Ospedale di Circolo-Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy. elonikolini@libero.it

Abstract

AIM:

The study was aimed to evaluate the influence of gender on left ventricular (LV) remodeling in metabolic syndrome (MetS).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We enrolled 200 subjects without diabetes or overt cardiovascular diseases, never treated with anti-hypertensive drugs or statins: 60 men and 40 women with MetS matched by age, gender and 24 h systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) with 60 men and 40 women without MetS. The patients underwent blood tests, 24 h our BP monitoring, LV echocardiographic examination. LV mass indexed by eight(2.7) was significantly greater in men and women with MetS than without MetS. Compared with women without MetS, women with MetS had significantly higher posterior wall thickness and relative wall thickness, greater prevalence of LV concentric remodeling/hypertrophy and lower indices of LV diastolic function, whereas all these parameters were not significantly different between men with and without MetS. MetS was an independent predictor of relative wall thickness and LV mass index in women, but not in men.

CONCLUSION:

The impact of MetS on LV remodeling is significantly influenced by gender: the effects of MetS are more pronounced in women, with development of LV concentric hypertrophy/remodeling and preclinical diastolic dysfunction.

KEYWORDS:

Diastolic function; Gender; Left ventricular hypertrophy; Metabolic syndrome

PMID:
22770750
DOI:
10.1016/j.numecd.2012.04.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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