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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2012 Nov-Dec;55(3):690-5. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2012.05.010. Epub 2012 Jul 7.

Identification of high risk fallers among older people living in residential care facilities: a simple screen based on easily collectable measures.

Author information

1
Kings Health Partners, Kings College Hospital, London SE5 9RS, UK. julie.whitney@kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop a simple screen based on easily collectable measures to identify older people living in residential care facilities at high risk of falls.

METHODS:

This prospective study was conducted in seven residential care facilities in the U.K. Residents aged>60 years who were not bedbound or terminally ill participated. Demographics, medical history, medication use, cognition (mini mental state examination (MMSE)), function (Barthel, balance and sit-to-stand ability) and behavior (neuro-psychiatric inventory (NPI) and impulsivity) were recorded at baseline. Falls and injuries were prospectively recorded over 6 months. Data were analyzed for differences between fallers and non-fallers and significant variables entered into logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

Two hundred and forty residents completed the study. In the follow-up period, 50% fell ≥1 times. Fallers had worse function, cognition, behavior and balance and took more medications. Falling in the past year, walking frame and hypnotic/anxiolytic and anti-depressant medication use were also associated with increased likelihood of falling. Logistic regression identified MMSE<17, impulsivity score ≥ 2, standing balance score<6, requiring a walking frame, falling in the previous year and use of antidepressants and hypnotics/anxiolytics as independent and significant predictors of falls. The area under the receiver operating curve (ROC) for this model was 0.79 (95% CI 0.73-0.84).

CONCLUSIONS:

This tool comprising multi-factorial measures provides a simple way of quantifying the probability with which a care home resident will fall over a 6-month period. The tool may also assist in guiding the development and targeting of interventions to prevent falls in this group.

PMID:
22770712
DOI:
10.1016/j.archger.2012.05.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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