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Malar J. 2012 Jul 6;11:227. doi: 10.1186/1475-2875-11-227.

Development of an allele-specific, loop-mediated, isothermal amplification method (AS-LAMP) to detect the L1014F kdr-w mutation in Anopheles gambiae s. l.

Author information

1
National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Inada-cho, Obihiro, Hokkaido, 080-8555, Japan. a.badolo@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Malaria control relies heavily on treated bed nets and indoor residual spraying with pyrethroid insecticides. Unfortunately, the resistance to pyrethroid insecticides, mainly due to the kdr mutation, is spreading in the main malaria vector Anopheles gambiae s.l., decreasing the insecticides' efficacy. To manage the insecticide resistance rapidly and flexibly, simple and effective tools for the early detection of resistant mosquitoes are needed. This study aimed to develop an allele-specific, loop-mediated, isothermal amplification (AS-LAMP) method to detect the West African-type kdr mutation (kdr-w; L1014F) in field-collected mosquitoes.

METHODS:

DNA fragments of the wild-type and the mutated kdr gene were used to select the primers and develop the method. The primers were designed with the mutation at the 5' end of the backward inner primer (BIP). The AS-LAMP method was compared to the AS-PCR method using the genomic DNA of 120 field-collected mosquitoes.

RESULTS:

The AS-LAMP method could discriminate between the wild-type homozygote, the heterozygote, and the kdr-w homozygote within 75 min. The AS-LAMP method has the advantage of being faster and at least as sensitive and specific as the AS-PCR method.

CONCLUSIONS:

The AS-LAMP method can be used to detect the kdr mutation for quick decision-making, even in less well-equipped laboratories.

PMID:
22770418
PMCID:
PMC3407793
DOI:
10.1186/1475-2875-11-227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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