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Anal Chem. 2012 Aug 7;84(15):6429-37. doi: 10.1021/ac300829f. Epub 2012 Jul 17.

Annotation of the human adult urinary metabolome and metabolite identification using ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a linear quadrupole ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometer.

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CEA-Centre d'Etude de Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.


Metabolic profiles of biofluids obtained by atmospheric pressure ionization mass spectrometry-based technologies contain hundreds to thousands of features, most of them remaining unknown or at least not characterized in analytical systems. We report here on the annotation of the human adult urinary metabolome and metabolite identification from electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS)-based metabolomics data sets. Features of biological interest were first of all annotated using the ESI-MS database of the laboratory. They were also grouped, thanks to software tools, and annotated using public databases. Metabolite identification was achieved using two complementary approaches: (i) formal identification by matching chromatographic retention times, mass spectra, and also product ion spectra (if required) of metabolites to be characterized in biological data sets to those of reference compounds and (ii) putative identification from biological data thanks to MS/MS experiments for metabolites not available in our chemical library. By these means, 384 metabolites corresponding to 1484 annotated features (659 in negative ion mode and 825 in positive ion mode) were characterized in human urine samples. Of these metabolites, 192 and 66 were formally and putatively identified, respectively, and 54 are reported in human urine for the first time. These lists of features could be used by other laboratories to annotate their ESI-MS metabolomics data sets.

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