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PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e39763. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039763. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Hippocampal desynchronization of functional connectivity prior to the onset of status epilepticus in pilocarpine-treated rats.

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1
Institute of Physiology, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

Status epilepticus (SE), a pro-epileptogenic brain insult in rodent models of temporal lobe epilepsy, is successfully induced by pilocarpine in some, but not all, rats. This study aimed to identify characteristic alterations within the hippocampal neural network prior to the onset of SE. Sixteen microwire electrodes were implanted into the left hippocampus of male Sprague-Dawley rats. After a 7-day recovery period, animal behavior, hippocampal neuronal ensemble activities, and local field potentials (LFP) were recorded before and after an intra-peritoneal injection of pilocarpine (350 mg/kg). The single-neuron firing, population neuronal correlation, and coincident firing between neurons were compared between SE (n = 9) and nonSE rats (n = 12). A significant decrease in the strength of functional connectivity prior to the onset of SE, as measured by changes in coincident spike timing between pairs of hippocampal neurons, was exclusively found in SE rats. However, single-neuron firing and LFP profiles did not show a significant difference between SE and nonSE rats. These results suggest that desynchronization in the functional circuitry of the hippocampus, likely associated with a change in synaptic strength, may serve as an electrophysiological marker prior to SE in pilocarpine-treated rats.

PMID:
22768120
PMCID:
PMC3387264
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0039763
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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