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PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e38112. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0038112. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Bivalent-like chromatin markers are predictive for transcription start site distribution in human.

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1
Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Center for Systems Biology, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, United States of America.

Abstract

Deep sequencing of 5' capped transcripts has revealed a variety of transcription initiation patterns, from narrow, focused promoters to wide, broad promoters. Attempts have already been made to model empirically classified patterns, but virtually no quantitative models for transcription initiation have been reported. Even though both genetic and epigenetic elements have been associated with such patterns, the organization of regulatory elements is largely unknown. Here, linear regression models were derived from a pool of regulatory elements, including genomic DNA features, nucleosome organization, and histone modifications, to predict the distribution of transcription start sites (TSS). Importantly, models including both active and repressive histone modification markers, e.g. H3K4me3 and H4K20me1, were consistently found to be much more predictive than models with only single-type histone modification markers, indicating the possibility of "bivalent-like" epigenetic control of transcription initiation. The nucleosome positions are proposed to be coded in the active component of such bivalent-like histone modification markers. Finally, we demonstrated that models trained on one cell type could successfully predict TSS distribution in other cell types, suggesting that these models may have a broader application range.

PMID:
22768038
PMCID:
PMC3387189
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0038112
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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