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J Biol Chem. 2012 Aug 31;287(36):30497-506. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.355412. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

Dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1A (Dyrk1A) modulates serine/arginine-rich protein 55 (SRp55)-promoted Tau exon 10 inclusion.

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Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Neuroregeneration, Medical School, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, 226001, China.


Tau exon 10, which encodes the second microtubule-binding repeat, is regulated by alternative splicing. Its alternative splicing generates Tau isoforms with three- or four-microtubule-binding repeats, named 3R-tau and 4R-tau. Adult human brain expresses equal levels of 3R-tau and 4R-tau. Imbalance of 3R-tau and 4R-tau causes Tau aggregation and neurofibrillary degeneration. In the present study, we found that splicing factor SRp55 (serine/arginine-rich protein 55) promoted Tau exon 10 inclusion. Knockdown of SRp55 significantly promoted Tau exon 10 exclusion. The promotion of Tau exon 10 inclusion by SRp55 required the arginine/serine-rich region, which was responsible for the subnucleic speckle localization. Dyrk1A (dual specificity tyrosine-phosphorylated and regulated kinase 1A) interacted with SRp55 and mainly phosphorylated its proline-rich domain. Phosphorylation of SRp55 by Dyrk1A suppressed its ability to promote Tau exon 10 inclusion. Up-regulation of Dyrk1A as in Down syndrome could lead to neurofibrillary degeneration by shifting the alternative splicing of Tau exon 10 to an increase in the ratio of 3R-tau/4R-tau.

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