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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012 Sep;95(5):1097-104. doi: 10.1007/s00253-012-4245-3. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

Magnetotactic bacteria: promising biosorbents for heavy metals.

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Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Environmental Engineering, College of Resources and Environment, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, Sichuan, China.


Magnetotactic bacteria (MTB), which can orient and migrate along a magnetic line of force due to intracellular nanosized magnetosomes, have been a subject of research in the medical field, in dating environmental changes, and in environmental remediation. This paper reviews the recent development of MTB as biosorbents for heavy metals. Ultrastructures and taxis of MTB are investigated. Adsorptions in systems of unitary and binary ions are highlighted, as well as adsorption conditions (temperature, pH value, biomass concentration, and pretreatments). The separation and desorption of MTB in magnetic separators are also discussed. A green method to produce metal nanoparticles is provided, and an energy-efficient way to recover precious metals is put forward during biosorption.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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