Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurol. 2013 Jan;260(1):77-84. doi: 10.1007/s00415-012-6588-1. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

A novel mutation I215V in the PRNP gene associated with Creutzfeldt-Jakob and Alzheimer's diseases in three patients with divergent clinical phenotypes.

Author information

1
Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Majadahonda, Spain.

Abstract

Genetic human prion diseases are autosomal dominant disorders associated with different mutations in the PRNP gene that are manifested as distinct clinical phenotypes. Here, we report a new pathogenic missense mutation (c.[643A>G], p.[I215V]) in the PRNP gene associated with three pathologically confirmed cases: two of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and one of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in two different families from the same geographical region in Spain. This mutation has not been found in any of more than 2,000 control cases studied. It represents a conservative amino acid change, and the same change is observed in the PRNP gene from other species. The two CJD cases were homozygous at codon 129 (M/M), but showed divergent clinical phenotypes with onset at ages 55 and 77 years and illness durations of 15 and 6 months, respectively. The postmortem neuropathological analysis of these cases showed homogeneous features compatible with CJD. Interestingly, the AD case (a brother of one of the CJD cases) was heterozygous at codon 129 (M/V). No familiar history was documented for any of the cases, suggesting a de novo mutation, or a partial, age-dependent penetration of the mutation, perhaps related to codon 129 status. This new mutation extends the list of known pathogenic mutations responsible for genetic CJD, reinforces the clinical heterogeneity of the disease, and advocates for the inclusion of PRNP gene examination in the diagnostic workup of patients with poorly classifiable dementia, even in the absence of family history.

PMID:
22763467
DOI:
10.1007/s00415-012-6588-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center