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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2013 Jan;44(1):139-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2012.05.005. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Efficacy of an emergency department-based multicomponent intervention for smokers with substance use disorders.

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Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Albert Einstein Cancer Center, Bronx, NY, USA.


The efficacy of brief emergency department (ED)-based interventions for smokers with concurrent alcohol or substance use is unknown. We performed a subgroup analysis of a trial enrolling adult smokers in an urban ED, focusing on subjects who screened positive for alcohol abuse or illicit drug use. Subjects receiving usual care (UC) were given a smoking cessation brochure; those receiving enhanced care (EC) got the brochure, a brief negotiated interview, 6 weeks of nicotine patches, and a telephone call. Follow-up occurred at 3 months. Of 340 subjects in the parent study, 88 (25.9%) reported a substance use disorder. At 3 months, substance users receiving EC were more likely to be tobacco-abstinent than those receiving UC (14.6% versus 0%, p = .015), and to self-identify as nonsmokers (12.5% v. 0%, p = .03). This finding suggests that concurrent alcohol or substance use should not prevent initiation of tobacco dependence treatment in the ED.

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