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Neurobiol Aging. 2013 Mar;34(3):805-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2012.06.005. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

CB2 receptor and amyloid pathology in frontal cortex of Alzheimer's disease patients.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Abstract

The cannabinoid system seems to play an important role in various neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). The relationship of cannabinoid receptors (CB(1)R and CB(2)R) to cognitive function and neuropathological markers in AD remains unclear. In the present study, postmortem cortical brain tissues (Brodmann area 10) from a cohort of neuropathologically confirmed AD patients and age-matched controls were used to measure CB(1)R and CB(2)R by immunoblotting. Correlational analyses were performed for the neurochemical and cognitive data. CB(1)R expression was significantly decreased in AD. Levels of CB(1)R correlated with hypophagia, but not with any AD molecular marker or cognitive status (Mini Mental State Examination score). The level of CB(2)R was significantly higher (40%) in AD. Increases in the expression of the glial marker glial fibrillar acidic protein were also found. CB(2)R expression did not correlate with cognitive status. Interestingly, expression levels of CB(2)R correlated with two relevant AD molecular markers, Aβ(42) levels and senile plaque score. These results may constitute the basis of CB(2)R-based therapies and/or diagnostic approaches.

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