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Disabil Rehabil. 2013 Mar;35(6):455-9. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2012.697251. Epub 2012 Jul 4.

Determinants of return to work among Nigerian stroke survivors.

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Department of Medical Rehabilitation (Physiotherapy), University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.



Employment, an important aspect of life, could be adversely affected by a disabling condition like stroke. This study explores the frequency and determinants of return to work (RTW) among Nigerian stroke survivors.


One-hundred and one stroke patients attending Physiotherapy clinics at seven teaching and specialist hospital centers in north-eastern Nigeria participated in the study. Socio-demographic, clinical and RTW data were obtained from participants while the modified Rankin Scale was used to assess functional ability. Chi-square statistics and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify the determinants of RTW among the participants.


About half of the participants (55%) had returned to work. Absence of disability [Odds Ratio (OR) = 57.7; 95% CI = 12.0-276.8) and mild disability (OR = 15.1; 95% CI = 3.9-58.3) were the significant determinants of RTW, while post-stroke duration of a year or less was associated with lower chance of returning to work (OR = 0.2; 95% CI = 0.0-0.8).


The prominence of functional independence among the determinants of RTW implies that rehabilitation efforts and support programmes to optimize functional ability, especially within the first year after stroke, will greatly enhance RTW among Nigerian stroke survivors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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