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PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e39769. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039769. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Characterization of Plasmodium falciparum adenylyl cyclase-β and its role in erythrocytic stage parasites.

Author information

1
Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program, Weill Medical College and Graduate School of Medical Sciences of Cornell University, New York, New York, United States of America.

Abstract

The most severe form of human malaria is caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum. The second messenger cAMP has been shown to be important for the parasite's ability to infect the host's liver, but its role during parasite growth inside erythrocytes, the stage responsible for symptomatic malaria, is less clear. The P. falciparum genome encodes two adenylyl cyclases, the enzymes that synthesize cAMP, PfACα and PfACβ. We now show that one of these, PfACβ, plays an important role during the erythrocytic stage of the P. falciparum life cycle. Biochemical characterization of PfACβ revealed a marked pH dependence, and sensitivity to a number of small molecule inhibitors. These inhibitors kill parasites growing inside red blood cells. One particular inhibitor is selective for PfACβ relative to its human ortholog, soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC); thus, PfACβ represents a potential target for development of safe and effective antimalarial therapeutics.

PMID:
22761895
PMCID:
PMC3383692
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0039769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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