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Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Sep 1;18(17):4806-19. Epub 2012 Jul 3.

First-in-human, phase I dose-escalation study of the safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of RO5126766, a first-in-class dual MEK/RAF inhibitor in patients with solid tumors.

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Medical Oncology Service, Hospital del Mar, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.



This phase I study assessed the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical activity of the first-in-class dual MEK/RAF inhibitor, RO5126766.


Initial dose-escalation was conducted using once daily dosing over 28 consecutive days in 4-week cycles. Further escalation was completed using 2 intermittent dosing schedules [7 days on treatment followed by 7 days off (7on/7off); 4 days on treatment followed by 3 days off (4on/3off)].


Fifty-two patients received RO5126766 at doses of 0.1 to 2.7 mg once daily, 2.7 to 4.0 mg (4 on/3 off), or 2.7 to 5.0 mg (7 on/7 off). The most common DLTs were elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and blurred vision. The MTD for each dosing schedule was 2.25 mg once daily, 4.0 mg (4 on/3 off), and 2.7 mg (7 on/7 off). The dose/schedule recommended for phase II (RP2D) investigation was 2.7 mg (4 on/3 off). Frequent adverse events included rash-related disorders (94.2%), elevated CPK (55.8%), and diarrhea (51.9%). C(max) occurred 1 to 2 hours after dosing and mean terminal half-life was approximately 60 hours. Pharmacodynamic changes included reduced ERK phosphorylation, an increase in apoptosis in tumor tissue, and a reduction in fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake after 15 days of dosing. Three partial responses were seen: two in BRAF-mutant melanoma tumors and one in an NRAS-mutant melanoma.


This first-in-human study shows that oral RO5126766 has manageable toxicity, a favorable pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile, and encouraging preliminary antitumor activity in this population of heavily pretreated patients, achieving tumor shrinkage in around 40% of patients across all dose levels and all tumor types.

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