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Gene. 2012 Oct 1;507(1):68-73. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2012.06.052. Epub 2012 Jul 1.

Two Tunisian patients with Peters plus syndrome harbouring a novel splice site mutation in the B3GALTL gene that modulates the mRNA secondary structure.

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Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire Humaine, Faculté de Médecine de Sfax, Tunisia.


Peters plus syndrome is an autosomal recessive rare disorder comprising ocular anterior segment dysgenesis, short stature, hand abnormalities, distinctive facial features, and often other major/minor additional defects. Peters plus syndrome is related to mutations in the B3GALTL gene with only seven recently reported mutations, leading to the inactivation of the B1, 3-glucosyltransferase. In this study, we screened the B3GALTL gene in two unrelated patients with typical Peters plus syndrome. A novel homozygous c.597-2A>G mutation was identified in both patients. Bioinformatic analyses showed that this mutation modulates the pre mRNA secondary structure of the gene, and decreases the score value related to the formation of splicing loops. Moreover, the c.597-2A>G mutation is located in a CpG Island of the B3GALTL gene, suggesting a potential epigenetic role of this position including gene's methylation and regulation. These data confirm an important role of the B3GALTL gene test that provides diagnosis confirmation and improves genetic counseling for the families.

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