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Trials. 2012 Jul 3;13:104. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-13-104.

Use acupuncture to treat functional constipation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Whether acupuncture is effective for patients with functional constipation is still unclear. Therefore, we report the protocol of a randomized controlled trial of using acupuncture to treat functional constipation.

DESIGN:

A randomized, controlled, four-arm design, large-scale trial is currently undergoing in China. Seven hundred participants are randomly assigned to three acupuncture treatment groups and Mosapride Citrate control group in a 1:1:1:1 ratio. Participants in acupuncture groups receive 16 sessions of acupuncture treatment, and are followed up for a period of 9 weeks after randomization. The acupuncture groups are: (1) Back-Shu and Front-Mu acupoints of Large Intestine meridians (Shu-Mu points group); (2) He-Sea and Lower He-Sea acupoints of Large Intestine meridians (He points group); (3) Combining used Back-Shu, Front-Mu, He-Sea, and Lower He-Sea acupoints of Large Intestine meridians (Shu-Mu-He points group). The control group is Mosapride Citrate group. The primary outcome is frequency of defecation per week at the fourth week after randomization. The secondary outcomes include Bristol stool scale, the extent of difficulty during defecating, MOS 36-item Short Form health survey (SF-36), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). The first two of second outcomes are measured 1 week before randomization and 2, 4, and 8 weeks after randomization. Other second outcomes are measured 1 week before randomization and 2 and 4 weeks after randomization, but SF-36 is measured at randomization and 4 weeks after randomization.

DISCUSSION:

The result of this trial (which will be available in 2012) will confirm whether acupuncture is effective to treat functional constipation and whether traditional acupuncture theories play an important role in it.

TRIALS REGISTRATION:

Clinical Trials.gov NCT01411501.

PMID:
22759406
PMCID:
PMC3414758
DOI:
10.1186/1745-6215-13-104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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