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J Neurotrauma. 2012 Oct 10;29(15):2499-504. doi: 10.1089/neu.2012.2434. Epub 2012 Aug 27.

Persistence of disability 24 to 36 months after pediatric traumatic brain injury: a cohort study.

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1
The Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Abstract

This study examined the outcome of 0- to 17-year-old children 36 months after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and ascertained if there was any improvement in function between 24 and 36 months. Controls were children treated in the emergency department for an arm injury. Functional outcome 36 months after injury was measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), the self-care and communication subscales of the Adaptive Behavior Assessment Scale-2nd edition (ABAS-II), and the Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation (CASP). At 36 months after TBI, those with moderate or severe TBI continued to have PedsQL scores that were 16.1 and 17.9 points, respectively, lower than at baseline, compared to the change seen among arm injury controls. Compared to the baseline assessment, children with moderate or severe TBI had significantly poorer functioning on the ABAS-II and poorer participation in activities (CASP). There was no significant improvement in any group on any outcomes between 24 and 36 months. Post-injury interventions that decrease the impact of these deficits on function and quality of life, as well as preventive interventions that reduce the likelihood of TBI, should be developed and tested.

PMID:
22757748
PMCID:
PMC3471122
DOI:
10.1089/neu.2012.2434
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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