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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2012 May;9(5):1954-70. doi: 10.3390/ijerph9051954. Epub 2012 May 21.

Smokefree policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: making progress.

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Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.


We reviewed the adoption and implementation of smokefree policies in all Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) countries. Significant progress has been achieved among LAC countries since the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was adopted in 2005. Both national and sub-national legislation have provided effective mechanisms to increase the fraction of the population protected from secondhand tobacco smoke. Civil society has actively promoted these policies and played a main role in enacting them and monitoring their enforcement. The tobacco industry, while continuing to oppose the approval and regulation of the laws at legislative and executive levels, has gone a step further by litigating against them in the Courts. As in the US and elsewhere, this litigation has failed to stop the legislation.


Framework Convention on Tobacco Control; public policy; secondhand tobacco smoke; smokefree evaluation; tobacco control legislation; tobacco industry interference

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