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J Clin Oncol. 2012 Aug 1;30(22):2776-82. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2011.39.4403. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Phase I multidose-escalation study of the anti-CD19 maytansinoid immunoconjugate SAR3419 administered by intravenous infusion every 3 weeks to patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphoma.

Author information

1
Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. ayounes@mdanderson.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, safety, and preliminary efficacy of SAR3419, an antibody-drug conjugate targeting CD19, in a first-in-man phase I clinical trial in patients with relapsed lymphoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients with relapsed CD19+ B-cell lymphoma were treated with escalating doses of SAR3419 given by intravenous infusion once every 21 days.

RESULTS:

Thirty-nine patients were treated on seven dose levels ranging from 10 to 270 mg/m(2). The median number of prior treatment regimens was four (range, 1 to 9), and 11 patients had prior autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. The dose-limiting toxicities were reversible severe blurred vision associated with microcystic epithelial corneal changes reported in six patients and neuropathy in one patient. The MTD was 160 mg/m(2) once every 21 days. Hematologic and hepatic toxicities were predominantly grade 1 or 2 in severity. A total of 35 patients have completed at least two cycles of treatment and were evaluable for tumor response. Twenty-six patients (74%) demonstrated reduction in their tumor size; six of those patients achieved partial or complete remissions. Seven (47%) of 15 patients with rituximab-refractory disease demonstrated reduction in their tumor sizes. The pharmacokinetic profile of SAR3419 is characterized by linear kinetics, low clearance from 0.2 to 0.6 L/d/m(2), and an elimination half-life in the range of 3 to 7 days.

CONCLUSION:

Using an every 3-week-schedule of SAR3419 for six cycles, the MTD is 160 mg/m(2). SAR3419 can be safely administered to patients with relapsed B-cell lymphoma and demonstrates promising clinical activity, including patients who were refractory to rituximab.

PMID:
22753910
PMCID:
PMC5950497
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2011.39.4403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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