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Anticancer Res. 2012 Jul;32(7):2537-43.

Impact of Yangzheng Xiaoji on the adhesion and migration of human cancer cells: the role of the AKT signalling pathway.

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Cardiff University-Peking University School of Oncology Joint Institute, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.



Yangzheng Xiaoji is a traditional Chinese medical formulation that has been shown to have anticancer actions in patients with various solid tumours. The mechanisms of the potential anticancer action of Yangzheng Xiaoji are unknown. In the present study, we investigated the direct effects of Yangzheng Xiaoji on a range of human cancer cell lines and investigated the possible mechanism(s) of its action.


Extract of Yangzheng Xiaoji (DME25) was prepared using dimethyl sulfoxide. The influence of DME25 on in vitro growth, adhesion and migration was examined using in vitro function assays. The effects on signalling protein kinases were assessed using western blotting.


DME25 suppressed adhesion and migration of various cancer cell, including those of breast, prostate, lung, osteosarcoma and colorectal cancer. Further investigation showed an involvement of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) pathway in the inhibitory effect on the adhesion of cancer cells by DME25.


Yangzheng Xiaoji exerts its anticancer effects not only via synergistically working together with chemotherapy, but also by directly inhibiting adhesion and migration of cancer cells. The PI3K/AKT pathway is a potential signalling pathway targeted by Yangzheng Xiaoji.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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