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Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2012;54(6):509-16.

[Homicide committed by psychotic defendants in the Netherlands].

[Article in Dutch]

Author information

1
Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands. m.c.a.liem@law.leidenuniv.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Psychotic patients are 10 to 20 times more likely to commit homicide than persons in the general population. Internationally, the incidence of homicides committed by psychotic defendants is 0.02-0.36 per 100.000 inhabitants. So far, no-one has determined the nature and incidence of homicide by individuals with a psychotic disorder in the Netherlands.

AIM:

To describe the nature and incidence of homicides committed by people with a psychotic disorder in the Netherlands in the period 2000-2006.

METHOD:

We analysed the forensic mental health reports of all Dutch nationals suspected of committing homicide and found to be suffering from a psychotic disorder at the time of the offence.

RESULTS:

According to the mental health reports, in the period under study 61 homicides were committed by people with a psychotic illness (8.7 annually), the average rate being 0.05 per 100,000. The majority of suspects did not have a violent criminal past and were not receiving treatment at the time of the crime.

CONCLUSION:

Homicide committed by psychotic patients is relatively rare in the Netherlands, but it does occur. Early, continuous treatment of psychotic illness might help to prevent patients with a psychotic disorder from committing homicide.

PMID:
22753183
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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