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Rev Neurosci. 2012 May 3;23(3):303-9. doi: 10.1515/revneuro-2012-0034.

Processes of believing - a review and conceptual account.

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Department of Neurology and Biomedical Research Center, Heinrich Heine Univeristy Düsseldorf, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.


Processes of believing are thought to have an important impact on the control of human behavior. Recently, neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies have shown that believe processes involve brain areas known to be involved in emotion-related and cognitive processing. But there is a discrepancy between the increasing interest in empirical research and the lack of coherent terminology and conceptualization. We will show that in processes of believing, the medial frontal cortex plays a critical role within a widespread cortico-subcortical network owing to its role in valuation of internal and external events and in subjective control of action. Also, we will describe a model of processes of believing that integrates the divergent neurophysiological and conceptual aspects as a starting point for further interdisciplinary research questions.

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