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Int J Risk Saf Med. 2012;24(2):103-13. doi: 10.3233/JRS-2012-0563.

Prevalence of occupational exposure to HIV among health workers in Northern Uganda.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, Gulu University, Loroo Division, Gulu Municipality, Gulu, Uganda. beachristo2003@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of HIV in Gulu district is 10.3%. This poses a high risk of occupational exposure and transmission to health workers in hospitals attending to these patients. The risk of HIV transmission from a patient to a health worker has been shown to be between 0.3% and 0.09% following percutaneous and mucocutaneous exposure respectively.

OBJECTIVES:

This research aimed at determining the prevalence of occupational exposure to HIV.

METHOD:

A cross sectional study of health workers in Gulu Regional Referral Hospital and St. Mary's Hospital Lacor, in northern Uganda was conducted to establish the frequency of occupational exposures to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected body fluids.

RESULTS:

108 (46%) respondents were found to have been exposed to potentially infectious body fluids. Needle stick injuries was the commonest route of exposure, with a prevalence of 27.7%, followed by mucosal exposure 19.1%, contact with broken skin (5.5%) and lastly by a cut with sharp objects (5.1%). There is therefore need for more sensitization of health workers on infection control and post exposure prophylaxis for health workers.

PMID:
22751192
DOI:
10.3233/JRS-2012-0563
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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